Everything You Need To Know About Muscle Soreness

Muscle soreness can be a different experience for every person. However, there are three types of soreness that relate to exercise. These include:

  • Soreness during exercise
  • Soreness induced by muscle cramps or injury
  • Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS)

Each type of soreness can be caused by different scenarios and can follow its own time course. Soreness during exercise can be the result of many facets influencing simultaneously including, acids, proteins and hormones. Usually, an individual has muscle stiffness, aching or muscular tenderness in this situation. The pain typically is a burning sensation in the working muscle that goes away within a minutes to a few hours after exercise.

Muscle cramps can be the result of sudden and intense excitability in the muscle. Individuals who use a muscle over and over again usually get cramping, like a runner getting calve pains. The cause for this could be an electrolyte imbalance if there is prolonged sweating involved. This can lead to pulling or even tearing the muscle.

Delayed onset muscle soreness can develop 24 to 48 hours after strenuous exercise or long endurance events like marathons. Typically this is the result of eccentric muscle movements or slow lengthening of the muscles. The soreness can be accompanied by strength loss and muscular weakness the days after the workout.

The easiest way to prevent muscle soreness is to stay away from prolonged, intense and unfamiliar exercises. Carbohydrate and protein supplement drinks can be quite beneficial when consumed after muscle damaging exercises in order to help with muscle fatigue. The key types of treatment to recover from all types of muscle soreness are stretching, massage or seeing an experienced personnel trainer or kinesiologist. A professional can assess your muscle weaknesses and make suggestions on a treatment plan to get you back to feeling normal.

Fleming Fitness offers Ottawa and Kingston personal training and kinesiology services, contact us to find out how we can help you with your muscle soreness!

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